Uttarakhand At a Glance!

  • Description
  • Overview
  • Places
  • Culture & Tradition

About Uttarakhand

Nestled in the lap of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand is one of the most beautiful northern states of India that charms everyone with its spectacularly scenic landscapes. Fascinating hill stations contrasted against snow-capped peaks, quaint villages along winding mountain roads, twisting rivers carving their way through hills, world renowned conservation parks like ‘Jim Corbett Tiger National Park’ and world heritage sites like ‘Valley of Flowers’ and ‘Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve’, waterfalls slopes down and serene lakes shimmering amidst beautiful towns.
Numerous sprawling parks speak of Uttarakhand's continuous efforts to conserve its natural ecosystem; it is rich in culture and religious heritage. One can easily quench all adventurous desires; be it flying like a bird, cruising through the Ganges, trekking to some of the fascinating peaks, skiing through some of the picturesque slopes enchanting destinations, The state's forested Jim Corbett National Park shelters Bengal tigers and other native wildlife. Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,483 kms, of which 86% mountainous and 65% is covered by forest. Most of the northern part of the state is covered by high Himalayan peaks and glaciers.

Name :

Uttarakhand's name is derived from the Sanskrit words uttara meaning 'north', and kha??a meaning 'land', meaning 'Northern Land'. The name finds mention in early Hindu scriptures as the combined region of "Kedarkhand" (present day Garhwal) and "Manaskhand" (present day Kumaon).

Existence :
In 1994, the demand for statehood eventually took the form of mass movement that resulted in the forming of the country's 27th state by 2000.
Land Area :
The Uttarakhand land area is 53,483 sq. Km. Area wise Uttarakhand holds 19 rank.
Lakes :
In Uttarakhand, Nainital is a home to pristine lakes some famous lakes are Naini lake, Sattal, Kanatal, Roopkund, Deoria Tal and Nauikuchiatal.
Climate :
Climate : Uttarakhand mainly has two different climatic regions, namely, the hilly terrain and the smaller plain region.
Summers The summer season of Uttarakhand extends from April to June. Most of the Uttarakhand is pleasant , but some places do have hot climate. The temperatures, in places like Haridwar, Rishikesh, etc. can reach the 40 degrees Celsius mark.
Winters The winter season in Uttarakhand generally extends from October to February. Winters in Uttarakhand are very cold, with many places receiving regular snowfalls. Temperature during the winter season ranges from sub zero to about 15 degrees Celsius.
Monsoon During the period of July to September, lies the monsoon season of Uttarakhand. The temperature ranges from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius at most of the places, during this time. The state receives approximately 90% of its annual rainfall in this season. It is also one of the most pleasant seasons of Uttarakhand.
Districts Information
Nainital Nainital is one of the most beautiful place of India. It is famous for its Lakes & Breathtaking View, Surrounded by mountains on three sides Nainital is located around the beautiful lake Naini Tal. This lake resort is situated at a height of 1,938 meters. This beautiful small town is surrounded by seven hills, The majestic mountains and the sparkling waters of the lake add an immense lot to the beauty of the town.
Nainital used to be the summer capital of United Provinces (Uttar Pradesh) during the British era and remained so for many years even after Independence. The British were the first to 'discover' Nainital as a holiday resort in 1841. The region of Nainital was once called the ‘City of Lakes’ as there were 60 lakes in the area, Most of the lakes in the region have gradually disappeared.
The major attractions are Bhimtal, Naukhuchiatal, Khurpatal, Sattal & Shymaltal. The summer begins in Nainital from mid-March, and so does the peak season of tourism. This is the best time to visit this town, as the climate is quite pleasant and the weather favorable.
Bageshwar Begeshwar is the holy districts of Uttarakhand also called the Land of Gods that describes the presence of gods. It is located at the convergence of rivers Gomti, Saryu and Bhagirathi. Visiting the natural beauty of Bageshwar and various Temples like Bagnath temple which is one of the most attractive points of Uttarakhand is an unforgettable experience. Bagnath Temple, Chandika Temple, Shri Haru Temple, Gauri Udiyar, Baijnath, Kanda Vijaypur, Pindari Glacier, Pindari Glacier Trek And Sunderdhunga Glacier are some of well-known places.
Haridwar Haridwar is an ancient pilgrimage site situated in the foothills of the shivalik range in Garhwal Himalayas. Haridwar welcomes the river ganga to the plain areas. Haridwar means gurgling of river Ganges, innumerable temples, groups of monks in saffron clothes, enchanting sounds of vedic hymns and the divine holiness.
It is the place where people from across India visit for pilgrimage and to take a holy dip into the holy river Ganges. It is one of the most sacred cities in India. The largest of several sacred ghats, Har Ki Pauri hosts a nightly Ganga Aarti, in which tiny flickering lamps are floated off the steps. Worshipers fill the city during major festivals including the annual Kanwar Mela. Most notably, once every twelve years it is the venue for the Purna Kumbh Mela,The Ardh Kumbha Mela, or "half mela", is held every six years and other yearly festivals are Baisakhi,Somwati Amavasya, Diwali.
Haridwar is a picturesque destination affording enchanting views throughout the year.
Dehradun Known for its natural resources, Dehradun is the capital city of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is nestled between the Himalayan foothills to the north and the Shivaliks to the South, at an altitude of 1400 ft in the Doon Valley between two of the most important rivers in India, the Ganga and Yamuna.The city is known for its pleasant climate and provides a gateway to the popular hill stations like Nainital, Mussoorie etc. and pilgrim sites like Haridwar and Rishikesh. Being a part of the Princely Garhwal State the local customs of the Garhwali people have influenced the culture in the city.
Almora Almora,one of the popular hill stations in Uttarakhand, The scenic beauty and the charming weather make it an ideal tourist destination. The town is situated at an altitude of 5,417 feet amidst the southern part the Kumaon Hills of the Himalayas.
Culture :

The culture of Uttarakhand still revolves around its traditional ethics, moral values, the simplicity of nature and a rich mythology. People are divided into regions and are thus better recognized as Kumaoni (Inhabitants of Kumaon Region) and Garhwali (Inhabitants of Garhwal Region).

Fairs & Festivals :
The two distinct regions of Uttarakhand, Kumaon and Garhwal, enjoy varied fairs and festivals along with several similar celebrations around the year. The state is seen celebrating numerous fairs like Sharadotsav, Baikunth-Chaturdashi Mela, Gindi Mela, Gauchar Mela, Auli Festival etc. Thus, one can calculate each day in the lives of the people of Uttarakhand a celebration day.
Cuisine :
The cuisine of Uttarakhand is similar to its people, simple yet incredible. The two distinct regions, Kumaon and Garhwal offer palates of flavor some dishes that are high on nutrition as well. Phanu, Kafuli, Thechwani, Chainsoo, Jholi, Gahat ke Paranthe, Roat and Baadi are some of finger-licking Garhwali dishes. Meanwhile in Kumaon, Aaloo Gutuk, Dubke, Thathwani, Kaapa, Chudkani, Jaula and Sisunaak Saag are the mouth-watering presentations.
Heritage :
Uttarakhand - “The Land of Gods” is famous for its rich culture and heritage. The ancient temples, historical monuments, architecture and several pilgrim sites make it a tranquil abode where the people can feel absolute contentment and peace.